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And the nature is man-made.


In 2018, the Marker Wadden Islands were opened to the public, north of Amsterdam, as part of the world's largest human-made reclamation project and nature reserve. 

Located in Marker Lake, an artificial freshwater lake and former Zuider inland sea, these artificial islands were partly initiated in an attempt to respond to the ecological crisis resulting from this environmental transformation. 

Conceived on the drawing board of landscape architects, the Marker Wadden are staged to suggest nature, the feeling of grandeur and transcendence, responding to the scopic desire of a very Western representation. 

Created from scratch by shaping underwater sediments into new topographies, they illustrate a new stage in the anthropocenic constitution of a neo-nature: the development of a human-made geology, a natural space in between.

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